Openwrt as metarouter is highly experimental but is also very promising, therefore if someone knows useful resources, please contribute! This should be valid for the entire openwrt wiki in general. One obvious resource is the mikrotik forum and related searches on it. For example with google site:miktrotik. The metarouter image is based on a 'proper patch' for building the openwrt sources, so everyone can build its own version.

User Tools Register Log In. Site Tools Search. Sidebar Welcome to the OpenWrt Project. Supported Devices. Quick start guide. User guide. Developer guide. Submitting patches. Wiki contribution guide. Openwrt metarouter images and repositories.

Routerboard rgrouterOS 6. Thanks a ton to this guy. Could be that the test setup was limiting the system somehow, maybe due to the overhead in processing the IRQ request, like: when the IRQ is processed natively one can send more data, while with the hypervisor one can send less data, but then it is strange that both the flow from 2 wan connections goes through one lan connection without problems.

Openvpn connection able to send or receive not made synchronous tests 6. Could be the same problem of the speed through wan connections, that is the IRQ processing is the bottleneck. The system can be shut down like a normal openwrt or the metarouter can be shut down via 'disable' or started via 'enable' forcefully. When the mikrotik re starts, if the metatarouter is enabled, it starts too, finishing the start procedure in minutes.

Software reboot of the metarouter itself takes minutes to show up the system again except for ping, that replies way earlier.Hackers of the world, unite! You have nothing to lose but the lousy stock firmware your routers shipped with. Apart from smartphones, routers and wireless base stations are undoubtedly the most widely hacked and user-modded consumer devices. In many cases the benefits are major and concrete: a broader palette of features, better routing functions, tighter security, and the ability to configure details not normally allowed by the stock firmware such as antenna output power.

The hard part is figuring out where to start. If you want to buy a router specifically to be modded, you might be best served by working backward. Start by looking at the available offerings, picking one of them based on the feature set, and selecting a suitable device from the hardware compatibility list for that offering. In this piece we've rounded up five of the most common varieties of third-party operating systems, with emphasis on what they give you and who they're best for. Some of these are designed for embedded hardware or specific models of router only; some are designed as more hardware-agnostic solutions; and some are intended to serve as the backbone for xbased appliances.

To that end, we've presented them with the more embedded-oriented solutions first and the more generic-PC oriented solutions last. The original product was created in for the Linksys WRT54G router, a device designed to accept Linux-based firmware, and the core software is available as a GPL offering. Note that there may be fairly major differences in implementation or presentation between the core version of DD-WRT and third-party, router-specific editions such as Buffalo's. Some may require unit-specific hackery to work; some may not work at all, period.

The DD-WRT maintainers also keep a database of supported devicesalong with a list in their wiki of both devices and features. It also comes in a range of differently sized builds, from the 2MB "micro" build that supports only the most essential functions to the 8MB "mega" build that has, well, everything. This allows the firmware to be placed on devices of widely varying storage capacity.

If you want more frequent updates, you either must go with an interim beta or pick a manufacturer-supplied version with regular revisions.


The fact that DD-WRT comes as a stock preload albeit with mods in many routers makes it easy to get your hands on a router with it both preloaded and tuned specifically to work with your hardware, as well as to keep it updated. Here are the latest Insider stories. More Insider Sign Out.It is suggested to always keep your RouterOS installation up to date, MikroTik always keeps adding new functionality and improving performance and stability by releasing updates.

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The automatic upgrade feature connects to the MikroTik download servers, and checks if there is a new RouterOS version for your device. If yes, a changelog is displayed, and Upgrade button is shown. Clicking the upgrade button, software packages are automatically downloaded, and device will be rebooted. Even if you have a custom set of packages installed, only the correct packages will be downloaded.

Note: If you are running v5. Manual upgrade is needed in this case. After the reboot, your router will be running the latest RouterOS version. You can then click the Upgrade button again, to confirm that your router is running the latest RouterOS. When upgrading RouterOS, you can choose a release chain from which to install the new packages. For mission critical installations, bugfixes-only release chain is suggested, as it does not include freshly added new features and is kept for a long time on the download page, with only critical fixes applied to it.

Note: Since RouterOS v6. Note: RouterOS cannot be upgraded through serial cable. Connect to your router with Winbox, Select the downloaded file with your mouse, and drag it to the Files menu. If there are some files already present, make sure to put the package in the root menu, not inside the hotspot folder! The New version number will be seen in the Winbox Title and in the Packages menu.

You can upgrade multiple MikroTik routers within few clicks. Let's have a look on simple network with 3 routers the same method works on networks with infinite numbers of routers. RouterOS version 6 has new auto upgrade option. RouterOS checks amazon servers for information if new version is available and upgrades after upgrade command is executed. You can automate the upgrade process by running a script in the scheduler:. For complicated networks, when routers are connected sequentially, the simplest example is 1router-2router-3router connection.

You might get an issue, 2router will go to reboot before packages are uploaded to the 3router. The solution is Dude groups, the feature allows to group routers and upgrade all of them by one click! When upgrading from older versions, there could be issues with your license key.

Possible scenarios:. RouterOS versions are numbered sequentially, when a period is used to separate sequences, it does not represent a decimal point, and the sequences do not have positional significance. An identifier of 2. Therefore v5. Jump to: navigationsearch. Navigation menu Personal tools Log in. Namespaces Manual Discussion. Views Read View source View history. Navigation Main Page Recent changes.

This page was last edited on 4 Januaryat Each Metarouter instance uses the same amount of resources as a stand-alone RouterOS installation. It is suggested to have more than 24MB memory available for each Metarouter. Upcoming RouterOS versions will have ability to run virtual machines with less than 16MB per machine. Currently on one host you can create up to 8 virtual machines and up to 8 virtual interfaces. Workaround to have more than 8 interfaces in total is to use VLANs.

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In future versions it will be possible to add up to 16 virtual machines. Also it is not possible to use external storage devices Store in the metarouter virtual devices.

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The MetaRouter function is useful for allowing clients or lower-privilege users access to their own 'router' and config to configure as they like, without the need for a complete second router, or giving them access to the main router configuration. For example; a WISP can create a virtual router for the clients ethernet port allowing them to define their own firewall settings, while leaving the WISP's wireless settings untouched.

As you can see, creating virtual router is quite easy, you just have to specify name of the router, how much RAM will be allocated for it and disk size that will be used by virtual router. Explanations of all other properties are available in reference manual.

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Starting from v3. As an example we will show how to patch and use OpenWRT as the virtual machine. Upload openwrt image to the router and import it by import-image command:. As you can see OpenWRT is running, now you can start configuration process, which is explained in sections below.

If you are not satisfied with our prebuilt version of OpenWRT, then you can build and use your own image. Note: Patch 1.

For example r can be used without modifications. Now you have to patch downloaded source with our patch. Note: Patch v1. Other options depends on what is your requirements include for example IPv6 and ppp support or notyou can also stick with defaults. It means that required libraries are not installed, check the output and install all required libraries.

After the build process is done, upload newly built image to the router and import it as described in section above. For more options and build instructions look in OpenWRT's documentation.NathanA Forum Veteran.

routeros vs openwrt

Why would anyone want to do this? I am sure that other people can come up with their own good reasons for doing this, but in my particular case, I have been using MetaROUTER for some time to run third-party software alongside RouterOS on the same device, and I have unfortunately been fighting tons of MetaROUTER and RouterOS bugs and instabilities lately that have been frustrating both to me as well as to our clients, and at the present time, there does not seem to be any hope for a fix in sight, which leaves me in a very bad position.

There is also no reason why you couldn't install two copies of OpenWRT side-by-side on a RouterBoard and switch between them, just like you currently can with multiple versions of RouterOS. And rather than try to shoehorn a Linux 3. This gives me support for recent RouterBoard hardware without me needing to change anything in my custom image except for the kernel itself.

Hardware ethernet support when directly booting this build on a RBG does work, but you will only see 2 ethernet interfaces: eth0 and eth1. I believe there is a utility included with OpenWRT that can be used to configure the switch chip, but I have not tested or played with it yet.

I built and included the drivers for other hardware such as, for example, USB supportbut they have not received any testing yet and may not currently be in a working state. Also, ethernet ports on RouterBoards other than the G may not work, and no wireless support has been included yet. If it doesn't toggle it, RouterBOOT assumes that something is wrong, and as a failover measure, the next time the RouterBoard boots up, RouterBOOT will follow whatever it is configured to do, and the default action is to change the active partition to the next one in line.

This can be worked around, but doing so effectively disables this partition failover protection feature. I expect to have that ready in the next couple of days and will update this thread when I'm done.

Do note that this is image is only provided for demonstration purposes! If you want a specific application, you will either have to compile it yourself, or wait for somebody else to build packages and set up a repository.

I will try to carve out some time to write up some step-by-step installation instructions later, but basically what you do is configure one or more new partitions, netboot the INITRAMFS kernel on the device you want to install to, mount the new, second Main partition, download and extract the tarball to that partition over the network, mount the corresponding Boot partition, and copy the kernel to it.

Basically, you will need to modify the main RouterOS system package's read-only squashfs image so that the startup scripts mount your OpenWRT partition to the right location when RouterOS boots up.

In theory, there is no reason why this exact same procedure couldn't be applied to an external disk, which would allow you to run and store MetaROUTERs on an SD card, for example, which is something that MikroTik themselves has sadly made no move to support even though it was mistakenly advertised in early promotional materials.

If you do this, you will have to re-do your modifications after every RouterOS upgrade. This is a rough technical proof-of-concept, but if the value and utility of these kinds of features is recognized, then perhaps someday we will see some of these features become officially supported.

routeros vs openwrt

Hey, a guy can dream, right? It's awesome. Even it seems that automatic dual boot function is more by error than by intention. I will track this thread just because I believe that it opens really wide new world for all of us.

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Please, keep going forward. Thank you. I'll try to finish and post the instructions for their use next week. So if you downloaded the patches before today, you might want to grab a fresh set. Right now, the most significant limitation with this build of OpenWRT is that you have to hard-code the root partition information in the kernel binary.

I am looking into a way of auto-detecting this in future versions. The images that I am publishing assume that they will be installed in the first partition.

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Note that in actuality, each RouterBOOT "partition" consists of 2 partitions: one for the kernel itself, and one for your root partition.When I create new kvm? Re: openwrt on kvm Wed Feb 11, pm?????

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Re: openwrt on kvm Sat Feb 14, pm What is wrong here?? NathanA Forum Veteran. Re: openwrt on kvm Sun Feb 15, am What is wrong here?? Re: openwrt on kvm Tue Feb 17, am I unziped it - no meter. I fixed errror S0. What can I do more? Re: openwrt on kvm Tue Feb 17, am I have no idea since I have never tried this before.

However, you can probably figure it out if you use common sense and do a little research. Like I said, if you need a kernel, you may need to extract it from the disk image. If that doesn't work, I don't know I would have to set aside some time to try it myself.

Re: openwrt on kvm Thu Feb 19, am I uploaded kernel file, writed it in kernel line, but still the same situation, KVM is running, but i cannot connect Smog just joined.

Re: openwrt on kvm Sat Feb 21, am I just tried this out for myself and it works perfectly fine. You didn't bother to try my earlier suggestion, which was to connect to the console using VNC. If you had done so, you would have seen that it was crashing with this error on bootup: Code: Select all. Dhokahai1 just joined.

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Re: openwrt on kvm Sat Feb 21, pm currently it is not possible to virtualize guest OS on tile arch routers. It is a work in progress.???? Our incredible offers for yale. Last edited by Dhokahai1 on Mon Mar 09, am, edited 1 time in total. Thanks, NathanA. Ashtee just joined.High performing routers have several perks and configuration options often left out from standard consumer grade models.

However, when compared to consumer grade routers, the difference is astonishingly disappointing. For many years, there were lots of custom firmware e. From buggy features, limited options, and even slow performance, the downsides are varied from one model to another.

routeros vs openwrt

Very importantly, routers lack the possibility of using OpenVPN protocols, in order to setup VPN server or client services directly from the network router. Additionally, it can be argued that there is no such thing as secure firmware from any network router maker.

Manual:Upgrading RouterOS

Even Juniper has admitted having a backdoor vulnerability in their firewalls for years. Ina security flaw in ASUS models allowed attackers to access the devices from anywhere online, while more recently, the Wi-Fi security was also compromised.

The list goes on, and this is where open-source firmware shines. But there are some very important things to know before you even start. The first one being professionally pre-configured routers with the firmware of your choice. Their team of pros configure and test your router, as well as provide stellar after-sale support, to help you get going every step of the way.

They provide the simplest solution of all, and best value for your money, coming in at a comparable cost of traditional routers with similar specs. The second-gen models now offer better performance and stability. Since this particular Linux based firmware has been in development for several years, stability is not usually a problem, but having a multitude of configuration options that are often left unused does come at a price.

Additionally, the interface, being cluttered with options, can be intimidating and harder to navigate. It should also be noted that DD-WRT is not the easiest to flash to, and can sometimes become frustrating for beginners. For those starting out, using the default version is perfectly fine. But once more, opting for the official build is fine. OpenWRT is very different from the previous two router firmware options because rather than providing all the features in a single package, they provide an in-built platform where others can then build packages onto.

With that said, my latest revision of this article could not ignore how much OpenWRT has grown in the lat couple of years, and it was time to no longer ignore the comments below this post. OpenWRT has steadily become the most regularly updated and capable option of the bunch.

Not only does it have more functionality made available at your fingertips, the performance is there and bugs are regularly patched, all while newly developed modules allow endless integration and growth in capabilities for many target specific tasks you may need along the way. With time a multitude of add-ons has been made available to OpenWRT, including existing network software apps, allowing for full integration all in a single place.

With my latest revision, this is no longer entirely true. The platform has come a long way in making itself more accessible to all user levels. So, you might still be asking yourself which one you should use, so I will try to finalize this guide by summarizing the three as simply but as accurately as possible, including Asuswrt options. On my first edition of this post, I was hesitant to favor one firmware option over all the others.

Reason being that I actually do like them all without much fault, but more importantly because DD-WRT and Tomato are still both excellent choices. But as advised, if you have a knack for Tomato or DD-WRT, they still make a good choice, and notably provide increased security to your network.


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